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Emissions and energy use

Emissions and energy use

The transport sector uses more energy than any other part of the NSW economy and is second only to the energy industry in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The transport sector is also a growing source of GHG emissions. Between 2005 and 2017, transport emissions increased by 12 per cent2, accounting for almost 19 per cent of the state’s total GHG emissions.

The growth in transport emissions has been primarily driven by growth in the freight sector, which is reliant on heavy vehicles.

This growth is forecast to continue into the future under a business as usual scenario.

On-road transport (cars, light commercial vehicles, trucks, buses and motorcycles) make up 85 per cent of total transport emissions.
Public and freight transport under the responsibility of Transport for NSW accounts for 6 per cent of transport sector emissions. These include on-road sources such as diesel buses, the electric Sydney train and light rail network and the diesel regional train network. Private cars, light commercial and heavy vehicles account for the majority of transport sector emissions.

2 Department of the Environment and Energy 2018, State and Territory Greenhouse Gas Inventories 2017, Canberra, p. 4

On-road transport (cars, light commercial vehicles, trucks, buses and motorcycles) make up 85 per cent of total transport emissions.

Public and freight transport under the responsibility of Transport for NSW accounts for 6 per cent of transport sector emissions. These include on-road sources such as diesel buses, the electric Sydney train and light rail network and the diesel regional train network. Private cars, light commercial and heavy vehicles account for the majority of transport sector emissions.

Transport for NSW recognises the opportunity to lead and influence and support the movement of the entire transport sector through actions taken within the cluster via the adoption of new technologies, implementation of operational efficiencies and a shift to renewable energy sources.

Under Future Energy, Transport for NSW will commit to the electrification of buses, powering of buses and rail with net zero electricity, supporting new renewable electricity generation and embedding GHG emission considerations in decision making and culture. By setting low and zero emission targets for its vehicle fleet and charging infrastructure, Transport for NSW will lead the uptake of electric vehicles for the transport sector as a whole. Similarly, by supporting hydrogen bus trials, we can demonstrate hydrogen’s potential as a low emissions technology for heavy vehicles. This has wider implications and possibilities for the entire transport sector.

Six principles for Future Transport

The Future Transport 2056 Strategy is focused on six key principles for the future of mobility in the state, which together aim to positively impact the economy, communities and environment of NSW.

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