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Priority 4: Data

Priority 4: Data

The digital transformation of transport

Unparalleled developments in digital technology are revolutionising the way we access and pay for services, operate the network, manage assets and plan for future transport systems.

Data analytics, machine learning and artificial intelligence are advancing rapidly and NSW will be ready to incubate and trial new uses, to adopt technology where it can benefit customers and improve performance. Freight customers will also harness data and analytics to improve efficiency and competitiveness.

Future transport services will need an extensive and sophisticated technology-enabled network. The NSW Government is investing $470 million to upgrade the M4 to a 'smart’ motorway, which will introduce ITS between Mays Hill and Lapstone. Work on Stage 1 of the Project, which will upgrade the section between Mamre Road, St Marys and Reservoir Road, Prospect, is expected to be completed in 2019.34 Future Transport 2056 commits to delivering 'smart motorways' on additional NSW motorways.

Embedding sensors and technologies across key assets – such as bridges, roads and traffic lights – will generate valuable data on assets, incidents, road conditions and traffic patterns. This will support efficient management and maintenance of the transport system, improve road safety, and generate real-time road and public transport information for customers to help personalise their journeys.

Capitalising on this rich data requires us to modernise our digital infrastructure. Our IT, traffic management and control systems that manage network operations and prioritise traffic movements will incorporate new sources of data from CAVs and other sources, and make best use of this data to better manage infrastructure and optimise network planning and operations.

The NSW Government is also prioritising efforts to improve digital connectivity in regional areas. The NSW Government’s 20-Year Economic Vision for regional NSW will accelerate the deployment of digital infrastructure, expanding mobile network coverage, and smart cities technologies across regional NSW. This will be critical in supporting the scaling up of technology-enabled transport services, such as on-demand public transport and automated shuttles, in regional areas.

Case study: Intelligent Congestion Management Program

The NSW Intelligent Congestion Management Program is implementing a system which will use advanced data analytics and predictive capabilities to monitor the performance of the network, across all modes of transport, in real time, and improve planning and coordination of the network to enable seamless, safe and reliable journeys for our customers across all modes of transport.

Improving these capabilities is key to capturing the benefits from CAVs and the data they will generate, supporting better decisions, providing richer information to customers, and contributing to a data ecosystem that supports Mobility as a Service applications.

The Program is being delivered in collaboration with a number of major technology companies, including Cubic Transportation Systems, WSP, PTV Group, Mentz, Microsoft and Data 61.

While data presents major opportunities to improve mobility, it also represents an area of concern and uncertainty for the community. Regulatory and policy frameworks around data that relate to CAVs, which govern issues such as ownership, access and use, data protection and security, and privacy will need to be established, adapted and reviewed in conjunction with national, state and local governments, as well as industry and subject matter experts.

Cybersecurity controls will need to be in place to ensure that CAVs have sufficient protection from cyber or hacking attacks, and to ensure integrity, accuracy, and reliability in the way information is exchanged with CAVs. We will continue to work with Australian governments and industry to investigate cybersecurity issues, identify best practice regulatory approaches, and develop capabilities of road operators and law enforcement authorities to effectively manage cybersecurity incidents on the transport network.

The NSW Future Transport Technology Roadmap and NSW State Infrastructure Strategy 2018- 2038 outline that data, as a new infrastructure asset, will be critical to developing new services, improving existing services, and better managing the performance of assets. However, our infrastructure and systems will need to be resilient to cyber-attacks, as well as potential data breaches.

Priority 4: Data

In the next five years, NSW will aim to:

  1. Develop a framework and clear policies, standards and protocols around data sharing, privacy and security relating to CAVs
  2. Build digital capabilities and data platforms for CAV data to improve performance and service delivery, and enable smarter approaches such as MaaS
  3. Incorporate digital infrastructure into major roads to support connected, and conditionally and highly automated (levels 3 and 4) vehicles
Actions:

Trials and projects:

4.1 Undertake research and trials that assess CAV data needs in relation to:

  • digital infrastructure and data systems to enable vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications
  • next generation of network management, including incident response capabilities, through the Intelligent Congestion Management Program and Advanced Data Analytics projects

4.2 Collaborate with industry to trial real-time data exchange and open data platforms for CAVs and emerging service models, such as MaaS, to better understand how they could be leveraged for network optimisation

4.3 Work with industry partners and technology companies through Transport for NSW’s Digital Accelerator at the Sydney Startup Hub, to develop CAV-related digital products and solutions to address transport challenges

4.4 Collaborate with Geoscience Australia and industry to test how more accurate positioning technologies, such as satellite-based augmentation systems,35 could enhance the safety and network efficiency benefits of CAVs

Policies:

4.5 Work with the Australian Government, other states and territories, road operators and industry to develop policies and guidelines on data sharing and cybersecurity management – including through the 'Regulatory access to C-ITS and AV data', 'C-ITS Security Credential Management System' and 'Best Practice Cybersecurity for Modern Road Vehicles' projects 36

4.6 Investigate strategies for collection, management and use of CAV data to deliver benefits for customers, operators and planners

 

Six principles for Future Transport

The Future Transport 2056 Strategy is focused on six key principles for the future of mobility in the state, which together aim to positively impact the economy, communities and environment of NSW.

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