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Executive Summary

Connected and Automated Vehicles Plan

Executive Summary

The NSW Government is creating a sustainable transport system that improves on safety, efficiency and the customer experience. Future Transport 2056 embraces technology and innovation, to revolutionise the way we live and travel.

Vehicle connectivity and automation are game-changing technological innovations with the potential to transform the future mobility of people and goods. These technologies are advancing rapidly and already appearing in vehicles on the market today.

A connected and automated future – where road fatalities become a thing of the past, journey times are reduced, and customers have access to seamless, affordable, flexible and personalised journeys – is now a tangible possibility.

We believe these exciting technologies and services – together with advances in electric vehicles and shared mobility – will offer better and more personalised mobility options for transport customers.

With technologies changing so rapidly, we will focus our efforts over the next five years on accelerating the adoption of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs), in line with our Future Transport vision for a network that moves people and goods efficiently, creates successful places that improve amenity and liveability, and uses innovation to improve outcomes for customers and the community.

This Connected and Automated Vehicles Plan (or ‘CAV Plan’) supports Future Transport 2056, and also delivers on one of the key strategies in the Future Transport Technology Roadmap – to enable connected and automated vehicles.

This five-year CAV Plan focuses on the opportunity for NSW to lead the way in encouraging the use of CAVs on NSW roads over the next five years. This Plan provides clear goals and actions to put us on the trajectory towards our Future Transport vision. It puts actions in place to embrace the technology as well as address potential challenges, such as cybersecurity and ensuring safe interactions between automated vehicles and other road users.

Successfully delivering on the directions and actions will involve ongoing partnerships and collaboration with industry and academia.

This CAV Plan positions NSW at the forefront of CAVs nationally, and demonstrates to industry and the community our next steps – to drive innovation, accelerate adoption and deliver benefits for customers and communities.

Our priorities, goals and actions

The NSW approach to CAVs is framed around five priority areas, with goals and actions identified to achieve each priority. In the next five years, the NSW Government will, in collaboration with industry, research and community partners, aim to:



Summary of actions

Laws and safety

1. Support implementation of nationally consistent regulation, standards, policies and safety assurance regimes that ensure that conditionally automated vehicles (level 3) can operate safely and legally on NSW roads before 2020, and highly and fully automated vehicles (levels 4 and 5) from 2020

2. Increase the proportion of passenger and freight vehicles in NSW with the latest CAV safety technologies
  • Establish laws, standards and policies to support the legal and safe introduction of CAVs
  • Manage safety risks associated with CAVs through safety and cybersecurity management plans and public education
  • Increase adoption of the latest vehicle safety technologies through communications, consumer incentives and changes to fleet procurement policies

Infrastructure and planning

3. Develop appropriate evidence-based transport, infrastructure and land-use policies and plans that support the optimal use of CAVs and CAV services

4. Build infrastructure capability to support at-scale operations of partially, conditionally and highly automated vehicles (levels 2, 3 and 4) on motorways and major roads
  • Assess current infrastructure readiness and future requirements to support CAVs
  • Identify opportunities to use smart infrastructure on major road corridors and in key precincts to accelerate CAV use
  • Adopt flexible approaches to planning and development that take into account the future needs of CAVs

Transport services

5. Have introduced expanded operations, at scale, of connected and highly automated vehicle (level 4) services that support the most efficient movement of people and goods, and the creation of better places and amenity across NSW
  • Trial a range of CAV-enabled passenger and freight services in metropolitan and regional areas
  • Identify opportunities for CAVs to be integrated into transport systems, particularly on-demand and rapid transit services


6. Develop a framework and clear policies, standards and protocols around data sharing, privacy and security relating to CAVs

7. Build digital capabilities and data platforms for CAV data to improve performance and service delivery, and enable smarter approaches such as MaaS

8. Incorporate digital infrastructure into major roads to support connected, and conditionally and highly automated (levels 3 and 4) vehicles
  • Work with governments and industry to establish regulations and policies on data security and privacy
  • Support the development of smart infrastructure and digital connectivity on major road corridors, and data platforms, to support CAVs

Customer readiness

9. Have trials and policies in place that support the best customer and community outcomes with CAVs – aligned to Future Transport 2056 outcomes

10. Increase customer information, acceptance and use of CAVs through communications, demonstrations and trials
  • Engage customers through trials and communications to build awareness, acceptance and use of CAVs
  • Improve understanding of customer behaviour and human factors considerations associated with CAVs


Six principles for Future Transport

The Future Transport 2056 Strategy is focused on six key principles for the future of mobility in the state, which together aim to positively impact the economy, communities and environment of NSW.

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